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If your child shows one or more of the following signs, you should have your child seen by an eye doctor.



  • Rubs eye excessively
  • Shuts or covers one eye
  • Tilts head or thrusts head forward
  • Has difficulty with reading or other close-up work; holds objects close to eyes
  • Blinks mroe than usual, or is irritable when doing close-up work
  • Is unable to see distant objects clearly
  • Squints eyelids together, or frowns



  • Crossed eyes
  • Red-rimmed, encrusted, or swollen eyelids
  • Inflamed or watery eyes
  • Recurring styes (infections) on eyelids



  • Eye itches, burns, or feels scratchy
  • Cannot see well
  • Dizziness, headaches, or nausea following close-up work
  • Blurred or double vision




Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

An eye that does not see clearly even though it has no disease and has corective lenses in front of it, is said to be "lazy" or amblyopic. Amblyopia occurs mainly among children who have a different amount of farsightedness or nearsightedness in one eye than in the other or who have one eye directed away from the object seen by the other eye (strabismus).



Astigmatism results primarily from an irregular shape of the front surface of the cornea, the transparent "window" at the front of the eye. Persons with astigmatism typically see vertical lines clearer than horizontal ones, sometimes the reverse.


Color Deficiency ("Color Blindness")

Children with so-called "color-blindness" are not blind to color but have difficulty distinguishing between certain colors.


Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

In this condition, the eyeball is too short for the normal focusing power of they eye. As a result, images of near objects may appear blurred.


Myopia (Nearsightedness)

In myopia, the eyeball is too long for the normal focusing power of the eye. As a result, images of distant objects appear blurred.


Strabismus (Squint)

Strabismus exists when one eye does not aim directly at an object of interest to which the other eye is aimed.



Prevent Blindness America
(also known as the National Society to Prevent Blindness)
500 E. Remington Road
Schaumburg, IL 60173


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