Symptoms: possible intensification of manifestations of the described side effects.
Treatment: gastric lavage; if necessary symptomatic therapy is carried out. The use of activated charcoal in Epitomax overdose is not shown, since in vitro experiments it has been shown that activated charcoal does not adsorb Epitomax. Hemodialysis is an effective way of excretion of Epitomax from the body.
Symptoms of acute and chronic exposure to Epitomax range from asymptomatic to epileptic status, including in patients without a history of seizures. In children, overdose can also lead to hallucinations. Epitomax is considered the main substance that has resulted in fatal overdoses in cases complicated by polydrake exposure. The most common signs of overdose are dilated pupils, drowsiness, dizziness, psychomotor agitation, and abnormal, uncoordinated body movements.
Symptoms of overdose may include, but are not limited to: Agitation; Depression; Speech problems; Blurred vision, double vision; Problematic thinking; Loss of coordination; Inability to respond to situations; Loss of consciousness; Confusion and coma; Fainting; Stomach upset and abdominal pain; Loss of appetite and vomiting;Confused breathing (rapid, shallow breathing); Rapid or irregular heartbeat; Muscle weakness; Bone pain; Seizures.
Specific antidote not available. Treatment is completely supportive.
People taking Epitomax should be aware of the following risks:
- Avoid activities that require mental alertness and coordination until the effects of the medication are realized.
- Epitomax may impair thermoregulation, especially in children.
- Be cautious of activities that lead to an increase in body temperature, such as exercise, extreme heat, or dehydration.
- Epitomax may cause visual field defects.
- Epitomax may decrease the effectiveness of oral contraceptives containing estrogen.
- Taking Epitomax in the 1st trimester of pregnancy may increase the risk of cleft lip/ cleft palate in the baby.
- As with all antiepileptic drugs, it is advisable not to stop Epitomax suddenly because there is a theoretical risk of recurrent seizures.
- Women of childbearing potential are advised to use effective contraceptive methods and consider alternative treatments. If Epitomax is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this medication, the physician should warn her of the potential risk to the fetus.
- The use of Epitomax during pregnancy is contraindicated. Effective contraceptive methods should be used during treatment with the drug.
- Limited patient observations suggest that Epitomax is excreted with breast milk, so breastfeeding should be stopped during the use of the drug.
The information about the drugs contained on the website is intended only for professionals. The information contained on the site should not be used by patients to make an independent decision on the use of the medicines presented and should not serve as a substitute for a face-to-face consultation with a physician.